Forest Management Certification In Peninsular Malaysia
Forest management certification is an important activity at the international level, especially in the trade of timber products. It is in recognition of the full adherence to Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) practices in Permanent Reserved Forests (PRFs) in the states of Peninsular Malaysia are managed for timber production.
Although the Forest Management Certification conducted is geared towards meeting the demands and requirements of the International Consumer Demand and the participation of the Forestry Department of Peninsular Malaysia (FDPM) in Forest Management Certification is also voluntary, the participation of FDPM and State Forestry Departments in this context is to express genuine commitment to the importance of maintaining the role and contribution of forest resources, especially the Permanent Reserved Forest (PRF) areas under the Sustainable Forest Management practices (SFM) to be utilized by the present and future generations.
Initiatives in the formulation of a set of criteria and indicators as a yardstick to assess sustainable forest management in Peninsular Malaysia started in 1994 based on the ITTO Criteria. A pilot study on timber certification was tested in Pahang, Selangor and Terengganu in mid-1996. As a follow-up to the pilot study, several discussions were held in 1998 and 1999 between experts from The Netherlands and Malaysia taking into account the following factors, opinions or developments:
|•||The adoption of the Dutch Minimum Requirements in The Netherlands;|
|•||The adoption of the ITTO Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Management of Natural Tropical Forests, 1998 in Malaysia; and|
|•||The results of regional and national-level consultations among stakeholders in 1999 to formulate a national standard for forest management certification.|
The output from discussions in these forums was a document entitled Malaysian Criteria, Indicators, Activities and Standards of Performance (MC&I) for Forest Management Certification (Forest Management Unit Level), Peninsular Malaysia dated 23 December 1999. This document is also commonly known as MC&I (2001). In brief, the standards developed contain the following:
Evaluation of the implementation of this Management Certification was conducted in four State Forestry Departments namely Johor, Pahang, Selangor and Johor in 2000. On 24 July 2000, the 15th National Forestry Council has agreed to the implementation of forest management certification in Malaysia.
In 2001, the standard document Malaysian Criteria, Indicators, Activities and Standards of Performance (MC&I) for Forest Management Certification (Forest Management Unit Level), Peninsular Malaysia or better known as MC I (2001) was enacted for the purpose of this certification. In 2002, five (5) FMUs namely Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor and Terengganu have successfully obtained the certificate of forest management based on standard MC I (2001) followed by Johor and Kedah in 2003 and Kelantan in 2004.
This MC&I (2001) standard Document has made a number of improvements based on the Principles and Criteria of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and known as the Malaysian Criteria and Indicators for Forest Management Certification or in short MC&I (2002). This Standard MC&I (2002) have been updated in line with the results of the feedback and experience of its implementation in the field and was replaced by standard MC&I (Natural Forest) under the Programme for The Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes (PEFC) through the Malaysian Timber Certification Scheme (MTCS) and applicable from January 2013. After making improvements and changes, Standard MC&I (Natural Forest) can be summarized as below:
Until 31 March, 2016, six (6) FMUs namely Kedah, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Selangor and Terengganu has managed to keep the Certificate for Forest Management under MTCS.
Certification For Forest Management (Natural Forest)